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Rubric Style Sheet

Manuscript Presentation:
All submissions are to be in 12 point Times New Roman, double spaced, with references supplied as endnotes, not footnotes (see ‘references’ section below).
If submitting a creative work with complex formatting, please also send a PDF to ensure the work’s integrity is retained.

Preferred Spelling:
Australian English is the preferred spelling. In particular, use ‘ise’ endings rather than ‘ize’ endings, for example: realise, institutionalise, etc.

Abbeviations & Use of Capitals:
Capitals are used for proper names, but otherwise should be employed as sparingly as possible.
Full titles of countries, states, institutions, organisations etc. should be used in the first reference; subsequent references may be abbreviated.
Use a full stop after an abbreviation (Vic., ed.) but not after a contraction (Mr, Mrs, Qld, eds). Abbreviations that consist of more than one capital letter or of capital letters only are written without full stops (NSW, PhD, BA, USA, ALP).

Quotations:
Use single quotation marks for academic papers and essays. Double quotation marks are to be employed for a quote within a quote. Indent quotations of more than four lines, single space, and do not include quotation marks.
A colon is used in formally introducing a quotation or reported speech.
Always preserve the spelling, grammar and punctuation of the original. Use [sic] sparingly to indicate aberrant usage. If omitting material from a quotation, use three ellipsis points with a space at either side ( … ).  It is not necessary to use ellipsis points at the beginning of a quotation, unless quoting literature or legal material.
If interpolating a word or phrase, or changing the case of an initial letter, indicate by using square [ ] brackets.

Punctuation:
One space follows full stops, colons and semicolons.
Do not use full stops after initials. For example: Arthur O Lovejoy.
Dashes should be shown as spaced ‘en’ dashes (–).
In creative work, the ellipsis key should also be used (see ‘quotations’ above).

Numbers & Mathematical Signs:
Within the text, numbers under ten should be spelled out in full (seven, eight).
Use numerals for numbers over ten, except for round numbers (seven thousand).
Words and figures are not to be mixed (96–107, not ninety-six to 107).
Use figures for a succession of numbers (24 books, 7 articles, 110 pamphlets).
Insert a comma in numbers of more than three figures (1, 912) except in dates (1972)
Page number spans should use the least possible numbers, e.g. 231–9 not 231–239.
Use unspaced ‘en’ dashes rather than hyphens when showing number spans: 231–9 not 231-9.

Dates
When a date is given in full, the following form should be used: 19 December 1972.
No apostrophe is used in 1960s, 2000s.
Show a span of years as 1972–90 not 1972–1990s.
Centuries are spelled out in lowercase letters (the twentieth century, eighteenth-century literature)
Use hyphens when qualifying decades (mid-1960s)
Use apostrophes when omitting the century and expressing a date in numerals (’70s, mid-’80s)

Italics & Underlining:
Underline only if reproducing a specific device in a quotation – emphasis will normally be marked by italics. Italics are used for foreign language terms, and to denote species; also for the titles of books and similar publications but not for the titles of chapters, articles, essays, lectures, short poems, and radio and television programs.

References:
All citations should be referenced with endnotes. Do not use author–date or similar in-text citation systems.
When citing a work, use the following format in this order, as applicable: author’s first name, author’s surname, (ed.)/(eds)/(trans.), title of work or title of journal, name of collection, editor and title of collection, volume number or number of volumes, edition, editor, reviser, compiler or translator (if other than the author) publisher, place of publication, year of publication, page number or numbers.
Note: use maximal capitalisation for book or journal titles and subtitles but minimal capitalisation for articles. See the examples below.

Books:
Judith Butler, Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, Routledge, New York, 1991, pp.291–7

Articles in Journals / Book Chapters:
Joan M Woodhill, ‘A standard of weight for height and age of Australian women’, Medical Journal of Australia, vol 2, no. 5, 1952, pp.145–51

Theses:
The citation should contain author’s first name, surname, title of thesis, type of thesis, university, date of completion, and page reference if appropriate. For example, Gregor Kennedy, The Theory and Measurement of Power in Interpersonal Relationships, PhD thesis, University of Melbourne, 1998, pp.138–42

Electronic Resources:
Chandler, Daniel, Semiotics For Beginners, (8 Novemeber, 2009)
National Church Life Survey, Education and occupation profile of attenders, (2 October 2008)

The URL should be placed in angled brackets, and the access date (in full) follows in parentheses. If the electronic resource is a PDF or similar, page numbers should be given.

Unpublished Material:
Unpublished material should be presented in the manner described for articles in journals and periodicals. The title should be presented in the same manner, but efficiently as possible. For archival material, cite the document first, followed by the name of the collection and the file number, then the name and location of the archive.

Subsequent References:
Use author’s surname and page number. For example, Butler, p.136.
If more than one book by the same author is cited, use suitable short titles, including author’s surname and key words from title of book, chapter/article or thesis:
Woodhill, ‘A standard of weight’, p.145
Butler, Gender Trouble, 104–6